Electronic Apparel

Ink To Make Electronic Apparel A Reality

Electronic ApparelResearchers in University of Tokyo have developed a new ink that can be printed on textiles in a single step to form highly conductive and stretchable connections.

This functional ink will enable electronic apparel such as sportswear and underwear incorporating sensing devices for measuring a range of biological indicators such as heart rate and muscle contraction.

Using this ink, the researchers created a wrist-band muscle activity sensor by printing an elastic conductor on a sportswear material and combining it with an organic transistor amplifier circuit.

“Our team aims to develop comfortable wearable devices. This ink was developed as part of this endeavour,” lead researcher professor Takao Someya said.

“The biggest challenge was obtaining high conductivity and stretchability with a simple one-step printing process.”
Current printed electronics, such as transistors, light emitting diodes and solar panels can be printed on plastic or paper substrates but these substrates tend to be rigid or hard.

However, it has proved difficult to make an ink that is both highly conductive and elastic without a complicated multi-step printing process.

The new ink included silver flakes, organic solvent, fluorine rubber and fluorine surfactant and exhibits high conductivity even when it is stretched to more than three times its original length.

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